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Saturday, May 11, 2024
The issue of judicial security in the era of digitization and artificial intelligence took center stage in discussions among authorities and specialists during a colloquium hosted by the Supreme Council of the Judicial Power on Saturday, May 11, 2024. This event was part of the workshops of the 29th edition of the International Book and Publishing Fair, held in Rabat under the esteemed patronage of His Majesty King Mohammed VI.

In his speech during the event, Mr. Youssef Astouh, leading the Modernization and Information Systems Division of the Supreme Council of the Judicial Power, underscored the substantial impact of digital transformation on public policies. He highlighted how this transformation has become a pivotal endeavor for our nation, aimed at establishing Morocco as a pioneering force in technology.

During the session led by Ms. Nozha Musafer, a member of the Supreme Council of the Judicial Power, the speaker emphasized that the Council is embracing the digital wave. Since its establishment, it has been actively pursuing fundamental projects to digitize judicial administration comprehensively, with a specific focus on the Council's administration and highlighting that advanced platforms and software enhance efficiency, facilitate procedures, and render judicial services more accessible.

Ensuring information system security, fostering digital trust elements, and asserting information sovereignty are identified as major challenges by the speaker. She further underscored the importance of devising strategies to foster a secure digital landscape to evaluate risks and cyber incidents, craft strong security policies, and establish monitoring units within informatics frameworks.

For his part, Mr. Mohamed Al-Sassi, head of the Cybercrime Combat Office at the National Judicial Police Unit within the General Directorate of National Security, observed the diverse approaches to addressing cybercrime. He underscored the need for adaptable responses, given the multifaceted nature of cybercrimes as defined. He highlighted the dynamic landscape of cyber offenses, including emerging ones enabled by technology such as privacy intrusions, data breaches, and cyberattacks, alongside conventional crimes leveraging information and communication technology.

Mr. Al-Sassi noted that this diversity naturally extends to investigations and research concerning cybercrimes, where various technologies intersect, and numerous stakeholders including agencies, organizations, companies, and individuals are involved in some capacity or another.

In his intervention, Mr. Yassin Raissouni, head of the department responsible for the strategy of the General Directorate for Information Systems Security, highlighted the comprehensive efforts of the General Directorate for Information Systems Security within the National Defense Administration. These efforts span strategic, legal, operational, and awareness-building domains, with the goal of strengthening information system security and fortifying national resilience against a range of threats and risks. Additionally, the speaker outlined upcoming initiatives that the General Directorate intends to implement in the short and medium term to continue advancing cybersecurity progress.

During a discussion regarding the Court of Cassation's handling of digital crimes, Mr. Hassan Al-Bakri, who heads a panel in the Criminal Chamber of the Court of Cassation, asserted that the misuse of information and communication technologies presents a significant arena where conflicting priorities emerge: ensuring societal security versus protecting freedoms and rights. He pointed out that any attempts by legislation or the judiciary to address this conflict, or reduce its impact, inevitably face inherent obstacles. These challenges primarily manifest as legal complexities, both in terms of their objective nature and procedural considerations.

Mr. Mohamed Benhamou, President of the Criminal Chamber of the Court of Cassation, emphasized that the right to privacy is among the fundamental natural human rights recognized by the global human rights framework and codified in both national and divine legislations. However, the widespread impact of technology and digitalization in diverse aspects of life presents considerable obstacles to preserving the privacy and sanctity of individuals' personal lives.

The speaker sought ways to ensure the privacy and security of human life and personal data. He stressed that any monitoring of private correspondence or eavesdropping should be authorized only through a judicial order, aligning with agreements and charters that uphold the right to privacy of personal data and correspondence. National laws in this area are built upon these foundational principles.


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